Methods to shorten

by yudaica2013 ·

Usually there are two normal forms of abbreviation: truncation and contraction. The first involves the removal of the final part of the word (eg “av.” For “avenue” or “c.” for ‘street’). Abbreviations obtained by truncation can never end in vowel (for example, although English is very common, the abbreviation “Ave.” For ‘avenue’ is incorrect in Castilian). In the construction of contraction by abbreviations, the letters are removed from the central floor and leave only the most representative letters (for example, “Ave.” For “avenue” or “cl.” By ‘street’). In this second method, it is customary to use a letter or letters flown (eg, “adm.or ‘by’ administrator ‘or’ n. th ‘for’ number ‘). These letters can be written flown without italics or underline.
As indicated above, the standard of the SAR is that the abbreviations always end in a point, except for symbols (not abbreviations) and acronyms. Also exempt from this rule those abbreviations in which the point is replaced by a slash “/” as in cases of ‘street’ ( “c /”) ‘current account’ ( “c / c) or ‘each’ (ea). As noted in the previous example, when the abbreviation is composed of two words, the second point and the space that separates the two words are also deleted. Another case of exceptions to the rule is the point of the abbreviations are written in parentheses (eg (a) “with ‘alias’). Conversely, if you must write the letters before flown (eg, “Sr. th ‘with’ Lord ‘or’ art. th ‘for’ article ‘), and that includes the use of abbreviations in with numerals (eg “3.a th” with “third” or “1.er” by ‘first’). Moreover, when the abbreviation is the last word of the sentence, the point marking the end of it replaces the corresponding point of the abbreviation (eg “brought chisel, hammer, brace, etc..”). However, if the sentence ends with some other punctuation mark (typically, the mark or the dots), the use of point if necessary.
Another interesting issue is that the abbreviations tildes maintain their original words (eg, “pag.” With “page” or “Admin.” For ‘administration’). Even blown up in their forms (eg “C.ia).
In general, the use of abbreviations in uppercase correspond to the context in which they appear. For example, “BC” (not “A. C.”) for “before Christ” or “a. D. g.” for ‘thank God’. However, there are situations where this rule is not followed. For example treatments ( “D”, “Mr.”, “SAR”) are always written with capital letters, and some very common abbreviations (such as “PVP” or “DEP”) is always written in uppercase.
The plural forms of abbreviations are dependent on its construction. If the abbreviation was obtained by the truncation procedure, the normal form of use is in the plural by adding an-s at the end (for example, “pags.”). If you just leave a truncation point (maximum truncation), the plural is expressed by doubling the letter (eg “EE. UU.” For ‘United States’). In the abbreviations contraction obtained by the usual rules of forming plurals in Spanish are applicable:-s if the abbreviation ends in vowel-and if it ends in consonant. However, there are some exceptions, as usual abbreviated form of the plural of the word you, which is “you” or “you” and the usual abbreviated form of the plural of the word ‘penny’ is “pts.” (and no “ptas). The letters used in the formation flown plurals also must make matching number, so that the correct plural of the abbreviated ‘number’ is “n.os.
If the abbreviation has been built through the process of contraction, the types of abbreviations (in the words with double termination) can be reflected by the “or” or “a” as male or female (eg, “Abg. do ‘for’ lawyer ‘and’ Abg.da ‘for’ lawyer ‘). In the case of words whose gender masculine form ends in consonant and which are obtained by truncation, the normal form of writing is adding an “a” blown up at the end of the abbreviation (eg, as recommended by the SAR abbreviation for ‘teacher’ is “Prof “), although it is not uncommon to detect cases in which “a” added no way flown (resulting from the difficulty in the use of characters who had flown in ancient TYPEWRITERS ). Words ending in consonant and contraction can be obtained by using any of the above possibilities.
The use of abbreviations is strongly linked to the presentation of printed text.

May 14 (Bloomberg) – The yen rose to fourth day against the euro and the dollar strengthened after an unexpected decline in U.S. retail sales stimulated demand for the relative safety of the Japanese and U.S. currencies.
For decades, if not longer, the U.S. dollar is known as the world’s reserve currency. Foreign investors and central banks have gobbled up green backs and debt issued by the U.S. government on the premise that the dollar is the dominant currency and the U.S. economic strength will enhance returns on dollar-denominated investments.
May 14 (Bloomberg) – The yen and the dollar may gain against the euro after an unexpected fall in U.S. retail incentives demand for the currency as a haven amid the global recession.
INO News
(RTTNews) – Thursday, the Australian dollar tumbled to new multi-day lows against its major counterparts as the stock markets in the throughout the Asia-Pacific region closed lower, dragging down the higher-yielding currencies.

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