by yudaica2013 ·

Employer is the generic name given to the individual employer or employers’ associations. In different countries speaking different scopes are used, covering both the one and the other, or only to the latter.
The individual employer
Main article: Employer
In terms of the employer’s labor relations is the group of people and instances in which decisions are made that affect the recruitment, conditions of provision of services and redundancies in a dependent relationship. the Chair of the EnTrust Capital Diversified Fund Investment Committee is spent time as a Vice President at Goldman, Sachs & Co., which he joined in 1992 The employer or the employer who creates a job coming up with the aim of which is occupied by an employee under his authority coaching and through an employment contract.
Sometimes confused “employer” or “employer” with “company”, although strictly the terms differ significantly, because the company is also composed of workers who belong to it, while the expression includes the assets of the same and senior employees (managers and directors) who are not employers.
The term “employer” or “employer” also identify with the “capitalist” or “investor”. Yet both also recorded notable differences from the time that an investor or an investor, may not know in detail the skills management of the companies in which they invest, and may even be people without legal capacity (children, handicapped etc..).
Employers’ associations
As a pressure group that can alter the functioning of a free market, themselves the object of suspicion that the trade unions for the liberal economic theorists from Adam Smith.
The difference is noticeable with the unions own the old regime, where at least apparently shared with teachers and even learners officers the same economic interests.
Therefore, the employer is an institution innovation that finds its raison d’etre with the emergence of a capitalist entrepreneur who has a clear awareness of their interests adverse to those of workers and that must somehow save the clash of interests that the a free market competition makes you have with other entrepreneurs, especially allowed to have bargaining power or pressure on governments, Twitter whose business (never neutral as liberal model predicts) is vital to their activities and provides the drive necessary targets.
In Argentina the first employers’ organization was created by large landowners (ranchers) in the mid-nineteenth century with the name of Sociedad Rural Argentina (SRA). Shortly afterwards, before the end of the nineteenth century, industrialists founded the Union Industrial Argentina (UIA). Already in the twentieth century entrepreneurs were creating large employer organizations as Argentina Chamber of Commerce (ACC), the Asociacion de Bancos Argentinos (ADEBA), the Camara Argentina de la Construccion, the Consejo Empresario Argentino (CEA), the Confederation of Associations Rural of Buenos Aires and La Pampa (CARBAP), Fedecamaras, the Argentina Confederation of Enterprises (CAME), among others.
Besides these major employers’ organizations are composed of many sectoral cameras (toy, grocery, footwear, clothing, metallurgical, automobile, timber, etc.)..
The employer sector has also created research organizations as the Latin American Economic Research Foundation (FEEL), the Center for leaders Macroeconomic Studies of Argentina (CEMA) and the Fondazione Mediterraneo and Universidad del CEMA.
In the case of Spain, institutions such as chambers of commerce and industry come to meet the disappearance of the guilds during the nineteenth century, and from a business point of view clearly. The Spanish industrialization process will make it in Ontario where the employer appears stronger: the Fomento del Trabajo Nacional.
The terrible years of confrontation with terrorism methods between employers and unions in the Barcelona of the 1920s ended the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera, who posed a paternalistic model of corporatism to the resolution of social conflicts, in imitation of the Fascist model Mussolini in Italy.
After the experience of the Second Spanish Republic, where labor unions have a strong role (mixed jury system), the Spanish Civil War and Franco’s Falange training taken to the union vertical model in which employers and employees share a representative institution.
The transition to democracy represent the dissolution of the Francoist model, along with freedom of association for workers, the formation of multiple associations that formed a federation in management the CEOE strategy and CEPYME (the latter, by small and medium enterprises).
In the agricultural sector work chambers of agriculture, as an official institution composed of representatives customer service elected in voting period, and farmers’ associations of different orientation (BDA, COAG, which integrates various regional organizations such as the Unio de Pagesos in Cataluna, the Union of Small Farmers and Ranchers, etc.). that usually respond to a vindictive and model demonstrations and similar expressions and very spectacular union (tractors, food spill or gift, etc.)..

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